Agricultural Loan Requirements

Agricultural Loan Requirements

Here Are the Ordinary Agricultural Loan Eligibility Requirements That You Have To Meet

The following are general qualifying requirements:

  • No federal or state conviction(s) for planting, cultivating, growing, producing, or harvesting controlled drug harvesting, storage, trafficking, or possession
  • Legal capacity to take legal responsibility for the debt obligation.
  • A credit history that is acceptable.
  • Be a US citizen, a non-citizen national, or a lawful resident alien in the US, including Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and certain former colonies.
  • Inability to secure adequate financing elsewhere, with or without an FSA targets loans guarantee.
  • There is no default on the federal debt, other than IRS tax debt, at the time the loan is closed.
  • Not being disqualified owing to a disqualification stemming from a violation of federal crop insurance.
  • Possess appropriate administrative skills to provide a realistic expectation of loan payback.

Forms Required by the Farm service agency

These are the forms that the farm service agency needs in order to process your loan application.

Check the boxes below as you fill out each form to guarantee a thorough application. You could require other forms and may be possible to substitute equivalent agricultural loan records for some kinds A Loan Officer may supply you with an application package that includes all of the necessary application criteria.

Please keep in mind that every form requires a signature.

Name and Form Number

  • “Request for Direct Loans Assistance” FSA-2001
  • “Three-Year Financial History” FSA-2002
  • “Three-Year Production History” FSA-2003
  • “Authorization to Release Information” FSA-2004
  • “Creditor List” (FSA-2005)
  • FSA-2006: “Owned and Leased Property”
  • “Farm Business Plan Worksheet” (FSA-2037) (Balance Sheet)
  • “Farm Business Plan Worksheet” (Projected/Annual Income Expense) FSA-2038
  • “Description of Farm Training and Experience” FSA-2302
  • “Highly Erodible Land Conservation and Wetland Conservation Certification” AD-1026

The Authorized Agency Official will evaluate your farm’s environmental compliance and provide recommendations for further measures, which may involve more forms and a visit to your county office.

Interest Rates for Farm service agency Loans Currently Available

  • Interest Rates on loan Programs
  • Farm Management- Direct Loans
  • Farm Operating – Microloan 2.375 percent
  • 2.375 percentage points
  • Direct Farm Ownership
  • three thousand percent
  • Microloan for Farm Ownership
  • 3000%
  • Farm Financing – Direct and Joint Financing
  • 2.500 percentage points
  • Down Payment for Farm Ownership
  • 1.45%
  • 3.375 percent Actual Loss on Emergency Loan

How Do I Apply for an Agricultural Loan?

If you want to apply for an agriculture loan, it is best to do your research online and then apply for the loan of your choice by visiting the local branch of a lender. When visiting the branch, make sure you have the necessary papers with you to expedite the application process.
Prospective borrowers may also be able to apply for an agribusiness loan online through the official websites of some lenders. In this situation, you must go to the relevant website, click on ‘Apply Now,’ fill out the application form, and submit the requisite papers.
Regardless of the channel you use, the lender will check and accept your application. The loan money will be deposited into your account after your application is accepted. For more visit 

How do you get approved for an agriculture loan?

To be eligible for an agricultural loan, you must first complete the following steps:

1. Determine the sort of agricultural loan you require.

The farm service agency has officers specializing in reviewing agricultural loan applications. The officer evaluates the loan applicants’ eligibility based on the type of loan requested. For example, anyone interested in applying for farm ownership loans must have at least three years of business operations experience on a farm or ranch.

Similarly, loan applicants seeking a farm operating loan must fulfill the farm service agency’s standards for education, on-the-job training, or agricultural experience. Beginner farmer loans require the farmer or rancher to have fewer than ten years of farming experience.

2. Make contact with a lender (and have a good credit score).

To qualify for any loan program, each lending institution will have its own set of conditions. Your present credit score is one of the first things a lender looks at. Farm Plus Financial, for example, requires a minimum credit score of 660 from at least one of the three main credit reporting bureaus. Before evaluating you for an agricultural loan, the lender may additionally want a business plan.

3. Become acquainted with all sorts of agricultural financing.

Agricultural loans are not a monolith, and the loan kinds listed above represent only a small portion of the total. farm service agency loans are also available for people who merely need help with a down payment on a new farm. In this situation, the loan applicants must be able to provide at least 5% of the purchase price in cash.

Agricultural loans are also accessible for folks who own a farm and want emergency finance. An emergency loan may be given, for example, if the farm is located in a designated disaster county and the beginning farmer has incurred a production loss of at least 30%.

Agricultural Loans Limitations

(a) Monetary constraints. At the time of loan closure or assumption of indebtedness, an applicant or anybody who will sign the promissory note’s outstanding principal amounts cannot exceed any of the following. If the outstanding principal balance at the time of approval exceeds any of the restrictions, the farm operating plan must state that funds will be available to repay the debts prior to loan closure or assumption of obligation.

(1) Loans for farm ownership, down payments, conservation, and soil and water:

I Direct – $600,000; (ii) Guaranteed loan – $1,750,000 (for fiscal year 2019 and adjusted annually in line with paragraph (b) of this section);

direct loans, a direct Soil and Water loan, guaranteed Farm Ownership loans, guaranteed loans, and a guaranteed Soil and Water loan of $1,750,000 (for the fiscal year 2019 and increased annually in accordance with paragraph (b) of this section);

(2) Working capital loans:

I Direct – $400,000; (ii) Guaranteed – $1,750,000 (for the fiscal year 2019 and increased each fiscal year in accordance with paragraph (b) of this section); (iii) Any combination of a direct Operating loan and a guaranteed Operating loan – $1,750,000 (for the fiscal year 2019 and increased each fiscal year in accordance with paragraph (b) of this section); and (iv) Any combination of a direct Operating loan and a guaranteed Operating loan 

(3) Some combo of guaranteed Farm Ownership loans, sure Conservation loan, guaranteed Soil and Water loan, and guaranteed Operating loan-$1,750,000 (for the fiscal year 2019 and annually afterward in accordance with paragraph (b) of this section);

(4) Some combo of direct Farm Ownership loans, direct Conservation loan, direct Soil and Water loan, direct Operating loan, guaranteed Farm Ownership loans, guaranteed Conservation loan, Promote Soil and Water loan, and guaranteed Operating loan plus $600,000;

(5) Emergency loans – $500,000; (6) A certain combo of direct Farm Ownership loan, direct Conservation loan, direct Soil and Water loan, direct Operating loan, guaranteed Farm Ownership loan, guaranteed Conservation loan, guaranteed loan Soil and Water loan, guaranteed loan, and Emergency loan – the amount specified in paragraph (a)(1)(ii) of this section plus $1,000,000;

(c) Loan limit guaranteed. The cash limitations on the guaranteed loans will be raised each fiscal year depending on the percentage change in the National Agricultural Statistics Service’s Prices Paid by Farmers Index. The current fiscal year’s maximum loan amount limitations are accessible at any FSA office and on the farm service agency website at

(c) Advances on credit lines. Unless the cash flow budget is changed and continues to reflect a workable plan, the total dollar amount of guaranteed loan line of credit advances and revenue releases cannot exceed the total expected costs, less interest expense, as stated on the borrower’s cash flow budget and purchase price.

Agricultural Loan Examples

Loans for Agricultural Farm Ownership

Farm Ownership Loans are available for the purchase price or expansion of a farm or ranch. This loan can help with closing expenses, building or renovating agricultural loan structures, or conserving and protecting soil and water resources.

Getting to Know a Beginning Farmer: Jesse and Tracey Paul used a Farm Ownership Loan to buy a farm. In Trout Creek, Michigan, their family farm now makes pure maple syrup.

“We keep America’s agriculture booming” via farm service agency Direct Farm Ownership Loans.

Farm Ownership Loans provide up to 100 percent financing and are a valuable resource for family farmers and ranchers interested in purchasing or expanding the family farm, improving and expanding current operations, increasing agricultural productivity, and assisting with land tenure to save farmland for future generations. 

All FSA Direct Farm Ownership Loans, with a maximum loan amount of $600,000 ($300,150 for Beginning Farmer Down Payment), are funded and serviced by the Agency through local Farm Loan Officers and Farm Loan Managers. The money is provided by Congressional appropriations as part of the USDA budget.

Loans for Young People

Youth Loans are a sort of Operating Loan for young people aged 10 to 20 who require help with an educational or agricultural loans endeavor. Typically, these youngsters are involved in 4-H clubs, FFA, or another comparable group.

Getting to Know a Beginning Farmer: Payton Farmer used a teenage loan to buy a breeding cow and started developing her herd.

Tribal Loans for Native Americans

Native American Tribal Loans assist tribes in acquiring land interests on a tribal reservation or in an Alaskan native community; advancing current farming operations; providing financial opportunities for Native American communities; increasing agricultural productivity; and preserving cultural farmland for future generations.


Microloans are a sort of farm or operating loan which helps in the joint financing arrangement. They are intended to satisfy the needs of small and starting family farmers and non-traditional and specialist enterprises by relaxing some standards and providing less paperwork. It also helps to prove farm supplies.

Getting to Know a Beginning Farmer: Nik Bouman was able to treble his business and improve access to fresh basil in his neighborhood by using a low-interest microloan to acquire additional equipment for his hydroponic basil garden.

Loans for Emergencies

Beginning farmer and ranchers can use emergency loans to recover from productivity and physical losses caused by drought, flooding, or other natural disasters or losses.

Getting to Know a Beginning Farmer: Bruce and Jennifer McCall are proud to raise their boys on the farm, and they have used farm service agency programs and loans to cover marketing costs and grow their enterprise and recover from natural calamities.

Direct Operating Loan

Operating loans can be used to buy cattle, seeds, and machinery. It can also pay farm operational expenditures and family living expenses while the farm is being established.

What are agricultural loans suitable for?

Beginning farmer can utilize agricultural loans for a variety of purposes, including:

Buy some farms. Agricultural land loans can help you acquire the property you need to develop a productive farm, whether you are just starting out as a beginning farmer or want to grow your present farm company.

Cover running costs. Many beginning farmers require financial assistance with running expenditures in addition to farmland finance. Farm new equipment is costly, yet it is required to run the farm. Better equipment allows you to cover more ground in less time.

Assist with the promotion of their goods. Beginning Farmer must sell the commodity they produce in order to make a profit that covers their family living expenses.

Servicing of Farm Loans

Farm service agency offers loan programs and services to help American beginning farmers, ranchers, and rural landowners maintain their economic stability. The Agency works hard to loan guarantee the strength of the American agriculture business by providing financial capital, risk management aid, and recovery financial assistance in times of economic difficulty or tragedy. The Agency also strives to ensure that public monies are administered properly. Agricultural loan market swings, ongoing unfavorable weather conditions, or unforeseen personal concerns can all have an impact on the capacity to make loan payments on time. In such cases, the FSA targets may be able to assist direct loans borrowers with some loan servicing advantages if their accounts are distressed or late owing to circumstances beyond their control.

How to Get a Farm Loan Even if You Have Bad Credit

A business loan with bad credit is notoriously difficult to secure, but you can still get funding with a poor credit score. Here’s how it’s done:

 Collect evidence of your agricultural experience (and be prepared to present it).

Government programs, such as the farm service agency, are less stringent in terms of the credit scores they accept from applicants. They will check your credit score, but they will also evaluate your agricultural experience. If you have extensive agricultural experience, you are more likely to get authorized even if your score is less than ideal.

Demonstrate that your negative credit does not define you.

To some lenders, farming expertise is more significant than credit score. Other considerations, including your debt ratio, company plan, and the presence of high-value assets, particularly those worth more than your loan, can also play a role. Include these materials with your loan application, and you could just obtain the money you need.

Look into income-based loans.

Some lenders may accept you based on the revenue from your farm rather than your credit score. These lenders will lend money to any farm with an income that exceeds a specific minimum, which varies by loan source. These loans are frequently authorized fast, despite the fact that they may be on the modest side.

Locate agricultural lenders with low credit ratings.

Prospective farm owners might look for businesses that lend to people with bad credit. Although having strong credit results in lower loan rates, lenders will nevertheless approve people with terrible credit, although at higher APRs. If your credit score improves, you may be able to refinance the loan at a cheaper interest rate.

 Obtain a co-signer for your loan.

Another method for acquiring a farm loan with negative credit is to seek the assistance of a cosigner. If the co-signer has stronger credit than you, the lending agency is more likely to accept your loan.

Who is qualified for Direct loans and Guaranteed Farm Ownership Loans?

You must be a U.S. citizen, non-citizen national, or legal resident of the United States or its territories to be eligible for this loan. You must be an agricultural producer or family farmer with at least three years of experience in farm business operations prior to submitting your application. You must also satisfy the following requirements:

Have a solid credit history, be unable to acquire financing elsewhere at fair rates and conditions to fulfill genuine loan eligibility requirements, have the legal authority to incur loan obligations, and be the owner-operator of a family farm following loan closure.

Applicants are immediately disqualified if they are either overdue on a federal obligation or have caused FSA a loss by seeking debt forgiveness (certain exceptions apply).